Lagos is Nigeria and Africa’s most populated city, with a population of over 21 million people. It boasts of the 4th highest gross domestic product (GDP) in Africa, making it a central economic hub. For this reason, Lagos is regarded as one of the fastest-growing cities in the world, and its seaport is one of the largest in Africa.
A Short History of Lagos
The Awori group of Yoruba ethnicity were the original inhabitants of Lagos in the 15th century. The settlement was left in the control of the Benin Empire around the 16th century. Lagos was called Eko by the Oba of Benin. Lagos is still known as Eko in the native dialect of the Yoruba people.
The origin of the name ‘Lagos’ can be traced to the Portuguese who explored this area in 1472. The Lagos Treaty of Cession was signed on 6th August 1861, handing over the city’s control to the British. Lagos became a British colony on 5th March 1862, and the rest of Nigeria was seized in 1887.
Lagos is often divided into two sections; Lagos island and Lagos mainland. The carter bridge, the Eko bridge, and the third mainland bridge are the major bridges linking Lagos mainland and Lagos’ island.
Lagos Culture and Tourism
Lagos, although widely known as a business-oriented city, has dazzling nightlife. Afrobeats, fuji, hip hop, and juju music are popular sounds on the streets of Lagos. Many Nollywood movies are shot in Lagos, and the National Arts Theatre is also situated in this city. Lagos is also the location showcasing African cultural identity. Several festivals which attract international visitors are held in the city. Some of these festivals include the Lagos Carnival, Lagos Black Heritage Carnival, Eko International Film Festival, Eyo Festival, etc.